TDD -- From SME Spreadsheet to TestCase to Code
Let's consider something relatively simple. Let's say we're working on some fancy calculations. Our users explain until they're blue in the face. We take careful notes. We think we understand. To confirm, we ask for a simple spreadsheet with inputs and outputs.
We get something like the following. The latitudes and longitudes are inputs. The ranges and bearings are outputs. [The math can be seen at "Calculate distance, bearing and more between Latitude/Longitude points".]
|Latitude 1||Longitude 1||Latitude 2||Longitude 2||range||bearing|
|50 21 50N||004 09 25W||42 21 04N||071 02 27W||2805 nm||260 07 38|
Only it has a a few more rows with different examples. Equator Crossing. Prime Meridian Crossing. All the usual suspects.
TDD Means Making Test Cases
Step one, then, is to parse the spreadsheet full of examples and create some domain-specific examples. Since it's far, far easier to work with .CSV files, we'll presume that we can save the carefully-crafted spreadsheet as a simple .CSV with the columns shown above.
Step two will be to create working Python code from the domain-specific examples.
The creation of test cases is a matter of building some intermediate representation out of the spreadsheet. This is where plenty of parsing and obscure special-case data handling may be necessary.
from __future__ import divisionThis shows a simple template with values filled in. Often, we have to generate a hair more than this. A few imports, a "unittest.main()" is usually sufficient to transform a spreadsheet into unit tests that we can confidently use for test-driven development.
from collections import namedtuple
def latlon( txt ):
match= latlon_pat.match( txt )
d, m, s, h = match.groups()
return float(d)+float(m)/60+float(s)/3600, h
def angle( txt ):
match= angle_pat.match( txt )
d, m, s = match.groups()
def range( txt ):
match= range_pat.match( txt )
d, units = match.groups()
return float(d), units
def test_iter( filename="sample_data.csv" ):
with open(filename,"r") as source:
rdr= csv.DictReader( source )
for row in rdr:
latlon(row['Latitude 1']), latlon(row['Longitude 1']),
latlon(row['Latitude 2']), latlon(row['Longitude 2']),
for tc in test_iter():
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